Types of verbThere are basically six types of verb used to form phrasal verbs 4
verbs of motion (usually monosyllabic and Anglo-Saxon): go; eat, run; walk;
verbs with indefinite or multiple meanings (usually monosyllabic): get; put; take; make; do;
verbs used to give orders and to invite: invite (invite out); let (let off, let out, etc..)
verbs derived from adjectives: dry (dry off, dry out, dry up); brighten (brighten up); flatten (flatten out, flatten off);
verbs derived from nouns: chalk (chalk up); brick (brick up);
verbs of Latin origin: contract out; level off.
without add-on: The driver 'got off to' a flying start.
with add-on: Onlookers 'put the accident down to' the driver's loss of concentration.
Other examples: get on with somebody; put up with somebody / something; run out of something; look forward to somebody / something.
Verbs in the pastDepending on whether they are regular or not, verbs have different pasts, which are two:
Past simple, equivalent to any past in Spanish
Past participle equivalent to participle in Spanish.The simple past is almost always accompanied by time expressions like 'yesterday, last (month, week, year, etc.)., A week ago. Both past participle of regular verbs ending in '-ed'. The rules for forming the past simple of these verbs are:
If the verb ends in '-y' after a consonant change the '-y' to 'i' and add '-ed': cry / cried.
If the verb is one syllable and ends in a consonant after a vowel, double the final consonant and add '-ed', except when the verb ends in 'x': plan / planned, but ax / axed.
If the verb has an accent on the final syllable double the last consonant and add '-ed': permit / permitted.
If the verb ends in '-e', just add '-d': love / loved.
Add '-ed' to all other verbs: play / played.Irregular VerbsUsing gotten has declined in the UK over the past centuries, but continues in the United States. Although in reality there are no definitive rules "to add" or "remove" in a word that is the group of "irregular verbs" thus for studying language are always recommended to learn them as such as write, because as mentioned before, there is no definitive reference in the "irregular verbs" .48InfinitiveAs for the infinitive verbs, they begin with the word to, for example:
To walk - walk
To jump - jump
To bite - bite
To speak - speakPrepositional verbsMany verbs have different meanings when they added a preposition or an adverb (up, down, in, out, around, etc.). Later. Also known as phrasal verbs, although this term is falling into disuse,  change the definition of the verb, or give information on the direction. For example:
Look up - look in the dictionary / list
Look after - care
Look around - look everywhere
Look over - review
Look back - looking back
Look for - search
Personal PronounsPersonal pronouns in English are:Spanish Nominativo1 Reflective Objective Genitive (attributive) Genitive (predicative)I my mine I me myselfyou, you you you your yours yourselfhe him himself his I hisshe she her her hers herselfello2 or so / a ---- it it itself its threeus we us our ours ourselvesyou, you yourselves you4 you your yoursthem ellas5 They theirs Their them Themselves
Present tense conjugationIn the present simple, the verb is in the infinitive, but the word to be deleted in forms I, you, we and they.Example:
I: I eat
You: You eat
We: We eat
They: They eatHowever, in the forms it, he and she, he adds-s to the verb (without to).Example:
HE: He stops (Him).
She: She stops (She stops).If the verb ends in-y and eliminates the added-ies; for example, I carries his suitcase. ("He carries his suitcase.") (See pluralization rules). It is almost always necessary to write or say a subject in each sentence, even if the sentence requires a subject in Spanish; for example, Spanish is acceptable to say "It's one in the afternoon," to indicate the time of the one, but in English it is usually necessary to use the pronoun it in front of the phrase: It is one (o'clock). Although to answer the question What time is it? (What time is it?), You can answer just one, instead of It's one.Almost all verbs are regular in the present; notable exceptions are to be ("being" and "being") → I am, you / we are, he / she is; to have ("I have" and "have" in perfect tenses) → I / we / they have, he / she has; and to do ("do") → I / you / we / they do, he / she does. In the past, a verb is regular if its simple and past participle end in-ed. For example: arrive ("get") → arrived ("come, come"). With the exception of the verb to be used each verb conjugation the same for each form in the past.
A verb is irregular if its simple and / or past participle do not end in-ed. For example: write ("write") → wrote ("wrote" in simple past), written ("written" in past participle). The most important English irregular verbs are (infinitive → Simple → past participle past) to be → I / he / she was, we / they / you were → Been; → → did to do done; → → to eat ate eaten ("eat"); gave to give → → Given ("give"); → → to go went gone ("go"); To Have → had → had ("have / have"); made to make → → made ("do, make"); to speak → → spoke spoken ("talk"); → to spend spent spent → ("spend").To form a future tense is added to the auxiliary verb will before the verb infinitive (without to). For example: You will eat spaghetti. ("You will eat spaghetti"). To form the conditional you would add the word before the verb infinitive (without to): You would eat spaghetti. ("Would eat spaghetti").The English progressive tense, the present and the past, used the verb to be followed by the gerund of the main verb: I am thinking ("I'm thinking"); You are winning ("you win"); We were talking baseball acerca ("We were talking baseball" or "talked baseball"). Note that the imperfect in Spanish translates to English past progressive indicates when an action in progress in the past.The perfect tense of the English uses the auxiliary verb have followed the participle of the main verb. For example, I have done the work ("I've done the work"), They had seen the movie ("They had seen the movie").To write a verb in the negative in a simpler time, a form of the auxiliary do followed by the word "not" and the infinitive of the main verb (without to) used; For example: We do not have any money ("We have no money"), She does not dance ("She does not dance"). In the past did not used anyway: I did not write the essay ("He wrote the essay"), You did not finish your homework ("You did not finish your homework"). Note that the tense of the verb indicates the time do the phrase; the main verb is always in the infinitive form, despite the time of the sentence.The negative compound tenses also uses the word not, but this time keep the shape of the original auxiliary verb; becomes the word not after the auxiliary verb. For example, I am not running ("I'm not running"); They had not made the clothes ("They had done the laundry"). The word also can not be contracted to n't and added to the end of the auxiliary verb (as do, Had not, is not, weren, etc.. Could not do this I am not, that is I'm not contracted.)
Pluralization rules. 1 - For nouns ending in o, s, ss, sh, ch, xyz, they add-es.English SpanishSingular plural Form Form Form Form singular pluralHero Hero Heroes HeroesEyelash Eyelashes Eyelash EyelashesWatch Watches Watch WatchesBoxes Box Box BoxGlass Glasses Glass Glasses. 2 - For nouns ending in y, but preceded by a consonant letter is changed and i and add-es.English SpanishSingular plural Form Form Form Form singular pluralLadies Ladies Lady LadyFlies Fly Fly FlyPhotocopy Photocopy Photocopies Photocopies. 3 - For nouns ending in y, but preceded by a vowel letter, only add-s.English SpanishSingular plural Form Form Form Form singular pluralBoy Boys Child ChildrenKeys Keys Key KeyToy Toys Toys Toys. 4 - For nouns ending in fo faith, these are exchanged is.English SpanishSingular plural Form Form Form Form singular pluralWolf Wolf Wolves WolvesKnife Knives Knife KnivesScarf Scarf Scarves ScarvesLeaves Leaf Leaf (tree) LeavesNOTE: The plural of chief (head) is chiefs.. 5 - Special cases: irregular plurals.English SpanishSingular plural Form Form Form Form singular pluralMan Men Male MalesWoman Woman Women WomenChild Children Child (general) ChildrenMice Mouse Mouse PadFish Fish Fish FishTooth Teeth Tooth TeethFeet Feet Foot FootSheep Sheep Sheep SheepGeese Goose Goose GooseOx Ox Oxen OxenLice Louse Louse LiceBelief Beliefs Beliefs Beliefs
When the comparison is between a noun and another:More (adjective) ...: This type of comparison depends on the number of syllables in the adjective used to compare. If the adjective has one to two syllables in English (eg happy), is added to the adjective ending-er, than followed: She is happier than me → She is happier than me. However, if the adjective has more than two syllables (eg beautiful), the adjective is left as is and the first word you write more: She is more beautiful than me → She's prettier than me. In this case, instead of more (more) we can write less (minus) to indicate otherwise.
When the largest magnitude indicates a noun.Simply type the + (adjective +-est). For example: The Greatest of All → The biggest of all. This only happens when the adjective has one to two syllables. If you have more, the adjective is written normally, but first write (between the and the adjective) the word most. For example: The most peaceful → The gentler.
Must take into account the irregular adjectives. For example: happy +-er = happier (in this case is replaced by the-y-ier instead of-yer). This happens only with some adjectives.
When two nouns are compared equally.In this case, the adjective normally written regardless their number of syllables, and is accompanied by the front and rear word as. For example: As fast as ... → As fast as ...100 LIST OF MOST COMMON VERBS IN ENGLISH
acceptallowaskbelieveborrowbreakbringbuycan / be ablecancelchangecleancombcomplaincoughcountcutdancedrawdrinkdriveeatexplainfallfillfindfinishfitfixflyforgetgivegohavehearhurtknowlearnleavelistenlivelooklosemake / doneedopenacceptallow / stopaskbelieveprovidebreakbringbuypowercancelchangecleancombcomplaincoughcountcutdancedrawdrinkleadeatexplainfallfillfindendfitrepairflyforgetgivego* Haveheardamage, injureknow / learnlearn* Leave / leavelistenlivelooklosedoneedopenclose / shutorganizepayplayputrainreadreplyrunsayseesellsendsignsingsitsleepsmokespeakspellspendstandstart / beginstudysucceedswimtaketalkteachtellthinktranslatetraveltryturn offturn ontypeunderstandusewaitwake upwantwatchworkworrywritecloseorganizepayplayputrainreadreplyrunsayseesellsendsignsingsitsleepsmoketalkspellspendget upstartstudysucceedswim* Taketalkteachsaythinktranslatetraveltryturn offturn ontypewriteunderstanduse / wearwaitawakeningwant / wishlookworkworrywrote100 LIST OF MOST COMMON VERBS IN ENGLISH
acceptallowaskbelieveborrowbreakbringbuycan / be ablecancelchangecleancombcomplaincoughcountcutdancedrawdrinkdriveeatexplainfallfillfindfinishfitfixflyforgetgivegohavehearhurtknowlearnleavelistenlivelooklosemake / doneedopenacceptallow / stopaskbelieveprovidebreakbringbuypowercancelchangecleancombcomplaincoughcountcutdancedrawdrinkleadeatexplainfallfillfindendfitrepairflyforgetgivego* Haveheardamage, injureknow / learnlearn* Leave / leavelistenlivelooklosedoneedopen
close / shutorganizepayplayputrainreadreplyrunsayseesellsendsignsingsitsleepsmokespeakspellspendstandstart / beginstudysucceedswimtaketalkteachtellthinktranslatetraveltryturn offturn ontypeunderstandusewaitwake upwantwatchworkworrywritecloseorganizepayplayputrainreadreplyrunsayseesellsendsignsingsitsleepsmoketalkspellspendget upstartstudysucceedswim* Taketalkteachsaythinktranslatetraveltryturn offturn ontypewriteunderstanduse / wearwaitawakeningwant / wishlookworkworrywrote